5:31 But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness,
let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints;
(1) Now he comes to another type of affections, which is in
that part of the mind which men call covetous or desirous:
and he reprehends fornication, covetousness, and jesting
5:4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor a jesting,
which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.
(a) Jests which men cast at one another: that no lightness
is seen, nor evil example given, nor any offence made by
evil words or backbiting.
5:52 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean
person, nor covetous man, who is an b idolater, hath any
inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.
(2) Because these sins are such that the most part of men do
not consider them to be sins, he awakes the godly to the
end that they should so much the more take heed to guard
themselves from these sins as from most harmful plagues.
(b) A bondslave to idolatry, for the covetous man thinks
that his life consists in his goods.
5:73 Be not ye therefore partakers with them.
(3) Because we are most ready to follow evil examples,
therefore the apostle warns the godly to always remember
that the others are but as it were darkness, and that they
themselves are as it were light. And therefore the others
commit all evils (as men are accustomed to do in the dark),
but they ought not to follow their examples, but rather (as
the property of the light is) reprove their darkness, and
to walk in such a way (having Christ that true light going
before them) as it becomes wise men.
5:8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye] c light
in the Lord: walk as children of light:
(c) The faithful are called light, both because they have
the true light in them which enlightens them, and also
because they give light to others, insomuch that their
honest conversation reproves the life of wicked men.
5:9 (For the fruit of the d Spirit [is] in all goodness and
righteousness and truth;)
(d) By whose power we are made light in the Lord.
5:11 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of
darkness, but rather e reprove [them].
(e) Make them open to all the world, by your good life.
5:14 Wherefore f he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise
from the g dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
(f) The scripture, or God in the scripture.
(g) He speaks of the death of sin.
5:154 See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but
(4) The worse and more corrupt that the manners of this world
are, the more watchful we ought to be in every situation,
and give regard to nothing but the will of God.
5:16h Redeeming the time, because the i days are evil.
(h) This is a metaphor taken from the merchants: who prefer
the least profit that may be before any of their
(i) The times are troublesome and severe.
5:185 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is k excess; but
be filled with the Spirit;
(5) He sets the sober and holy assemblies of the faithful
against the immoral banquets of the unfaithful, in which
the praises of the only Lord must ring, whether it is it in
prosperity or diversity.
(k) Every type of disorder, together with every manner of
filthiness and shamefulness.
5:19 Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual
songs, singing and making melody in your l heart to the
(l) With an earnest affection of the heart, and not with
the tongue only.
5:216 Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of
(6) A short repetition of the end to which all things ought to
be referred, to serve one another for God's sake.
5:227 Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, 8 as
unto the Lord.
(7) Now he descends to a family, dividing orderly all the parts
of a family. And he says that the duty of wives consists
in this, to be obedient to their husbands.
(8) The first argument, for they cannot be disobedient to their
husbands except by also resisting God, who is the author
of this subjection.
5:239 For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ
is the head of the church: 10 and he is the saviour of
(9) A declaration of the former saying: because God has made
the man head of the woman in marriage, as Christ is the
head of the Church.
(10) Another argument: because the good estate of the wife
depends on the man, so that this submission is not only
just, but also very profitable: as also the salvation of
the Church depends on Christ, although to a far greater
5:2411 Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so
[let] the wives [be] to their own husbands in every thing.
(11) The conclusion of the wives' duties towards their husbands.
5:2512 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved
the church, and gave himself for it;
(12) The husbands duty towards their wives is to love them as
themselves, of which love the love of Christ towards his
Church is a graphic image.
5:2613 That he might m sanctify and cleanse it with the
washing of water by the n word,
(13) Because many men pretend the infirmities of their wives to
excuse their own hardness and cruelty, the apostle wishes
us to mark what manner of Church Christ received, when he
joined it to himself, and how he does not reject her for
all her filth, and uncleanness, but ceases not to wipe it
away with his cleanness, until he wholly purifies it.
(m) Make it holy.
(n) Through the promise of free justification and
sanctification in Christ, received by faith.
5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, o
not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it
should be holy and without blemish.
(o) The Church as it is considered in itself, will not be
without wrinkle, before it come to the mark it aims at:
for while it is in this life, it runs in a race. But
if it is considered in Christ, it is clean and without
5:2814 So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies.
He that loveth his wife loveth himself.
(14) Another argument: every man loves himself, even by nature:
therefore he strives against nature that does not love his
wife. He proves the conclusion, first by the mystical
knitting of Christ and the Church together, and then by
the ordinance of God, who says that man and wife are as
one, that is, not to be divided.
5:29 For no man ever yet hated his p own flesh; but nourisheth
and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church:
(p) His own body.
5:30 For we are members of his body, q of his flesh, and of
(q) He alludes to the making of the woman, which signifies
our union with Christ, which is accomplished by faith,
but is signified in the ordinance of the Lord's supper.
5:31 For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and
shall r be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be
(r) )See Geneva "Mt 19:5")
5:3215 This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ
and the church.
(15) That no man might dream of natural union or knitting of
Christ and his Church together (such as the husbands and
the wives is) he shows that it is secret, that is,
spiritual and such as differs greatly from the common
capacity of man. And it consists by the power of the
Spirit, and not of the flesh, by faith, and by no natural
5:3316 Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so
love his wife even as himself; and the wife [see] that she
reverence [her] husband.
(16) The conclusion both of the husband's duty toward his wife,
and of the wife's toward her husband.