3:1 To every [thing there is] a a season, and a time to every
purpose under the heaven:
(a) He speaks of this diversity of time for two causes first
to declare that there is nothing in this world
perpetual: next to teach us not to be grieved, if we
have not all things at once according to our desires,
neither enjoy them so long as we would wish.
3:10 I have seen the labour, which God hath given to the sons of
men b to be exercised in it.
3:11 He hath made every [thing] beautiful in its time: also he
hath set the c world in their heart, so that no man can
find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the
(c) God has given man a desire and affection to seek out
the things of this world, and to labour in it.
3:13 And also that every man should eat and drink, and enjoy the
good of all his labour, it [is] the d gift of God.
(d) Read (Ec 2:24) and these places declare that we
should do all things with sobriety and in the fear of
God, as he gives not his gifts to the intent that they
should be abused.
3:14 I know that, whatever God doeth, it shall be for e ever:
nothing can be added to it, nor any thing taken from it:
and God doeth [it], that [men] should fear before him.
(e) That is, man will never be able to prevent God's work,
but as he has determined so it will come to pass.
3:15 That which hath been is now; and that which is to be hath
already been; and God f requireth that which is past.
(f) God only causes what which is past, to return.
3:17 I said in my heart, God shall judge the righteous and the
wicked: for [there is] a time g there for every purpose
and for every work.
(g) Meaning, with God, however man neglects his duty.
3:18 I said in my heart concerning the state of the sons of men,
that God might h tempt them, and that they might see that
they themselves are beasts.
(h) And made them pure in their first creation.
3:19 For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts;
even one thing i befalleth them: as the one dieth, so
dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a
man hath no preeminence above a beast: for all [is] vanity.
(i) Man is not able by his reason and judgment to put
differences between man and beast, as concerning those
things to which both are subject: for the eye cannot
judge any otherwise of a man being dead than of a
beast, which is dead: yet by the word of God and faith
we easily know the diversity as in (Ec 3:21).
3:21 Who k knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and
the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?
(k) Meaning, that reason cannot comprehend that which faith
3:22 Wherefore I perceive that [there is] nothing better, than
that a man should l rejoice in his own works; for that
[is] his portion: for who shall bring him to see what shall
be after him?
(l) By the often repetition of this sentence as in
(Ec 2:24,3:12,22,5:17,8:15) he declares that man
by reason can comprehend nothing better in this life
than to use the gifts of God soberly and comfortably:
for to know further, is a special gift of God revealed
by his Spirit.