32:1 Give ear, O ye a heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O
earth, the words of my mouth.
(a) As witness of this people's ingratitude.
32:2 My b doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall
distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb,
and as the showers upon the grass:
(b) He desires that he may speak to God's glory and that
the people, as the green grass, may receive the dew of
32:4 [He is] the c Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his
ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity,
just and right [is] he.
(c) Or mighty God; noting that only God is mighty, faithful
and constant in his promise.
32:6 Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish people and unwise?
[is] not he thy father [that] hath bought thee? hath he not
d made thee, and established thee?
(d) Not according to the common creation, but he has made
you a new creature by his Spirit.
32:8 When the most High divided to the nations their
inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the
bounds of the e people according to the number of the
children of Israel.
(e) When God by his providence divided the world, he lent
for a time that portion to the Canaanites, which would
later be an inheritance for all his people Israel.
32:11 As an eagle stirreth up her nest, f fluttereth over her
young, spreadeth abroad her wings, taketh them, beareth
them on her wings:
(f) To teach them to fly.
32:13 He made him ride on the high places of the g earth, that
he might eat the increase of the fields; and he made him
to suck h honey out of the rock, and oil out of the
(g) Meaning, of the land of Canaan, which was high in
respect to Egypt.
(h) That is, abundance of all things even in the very
32:15i But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen
fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with
fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and
lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
(i) He shows what is the principal end of our vocation.
32:16 They provoked him to jealousy with k strange [gods],
with abominations provoked they him to anger.
(k) By changing his service for their superstitions.
32:17 They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they
knew not, to l new [gods that] came newly up, whom your
fathers feared not.
(l) Scripture calls new, whatever man invents, be the
error ever so old.
32:19 And when the LORD saw [it], he abhorred [them], because of
the provoking of his m sons, and of his daughters.
(m) He calls them God's children, not to honour them, but
to show them from what dignity they are fallen.
32:21 They have moved me to jealousy with [that which is] not
God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities:
and I will move them to jealousy with [those which are]
not a n people; I will provoke them to anger with a
(n) Which I have not favoured, nor given my law to them.
32:25 The sword o without, and terror within, shall destroy
both the young man and the virgin, the suckling [also]
with the man of gray hairs.
(o) They shall be slain both in the field and at home.
32:27 Were it not that I feared the wrath of the enemy, lest
their adversaries should p behave themselves strangely,
[and] lest they should say, Our hand [is] high, and the
LORD hath not done all this.
p Rejoicing to see the godly afflicted, and attributing
to themselves that which is wrought by God's hand.
32:29 O that they were wise, [that] they understood this, [that]
they would q consider their latter end!
(q) They would consider the happiness that was prepared
for them, if they had obeyed God.
32:33 Their r wine [is] the poison of dragons, and the cruel
venom of asps.
(r) The fruit of the wicked are as poison, detestable to
God, and dangerous for man.
32:36 For the LORD shall judge his people, and repent himself
for his servants, when he seeth that [their] power is
gone, and [there is] none s shut up, or left.
(s) When neither strong nor weak in a manner remain.
32:40 For I t lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for