3:1 Then we turned, and went up the way to Bashan: and Og the
king of Bashan a came out against us, he and all his
people, to battle at Edrei.
(a) Therefore aside from the commandment of the Lord, they
had just cause to fight against him.
3:5 All these cities [were] fenced with high walls, gates, and
bars; beside b unwalled towns a great many.
(b) As villages and small towns.
3:6 And we utterly destroyed them, as we did unto Sihon king of
Heshbon, utterly destroying the men, c women, and
children, of every city.
(c) Because this was God's appointment, therefore it may not
be judged cruel.
3:11 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of
giants; behold, his d bedstead [was] a bedstead of iron;
[is] it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine
cubits [was] the length thereof, and four cubits the
breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.
(d) The more terrible this giant was, the greater reason
they had to glorify God for the victory.
3:14 Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob unto
the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi; and called them after
his own name, Bashanhavothjair, unto e this day.
(e) Meaning, when he wrote this history.
3:16 And unto the Reubenites and unto the Gadites I gave from
Gilead even unto the river Arnon half the valley, and the
border even unto the river f Jabbok, [which is] the
border of the children of Ammon;
(f) Which separates the Ammonites from the Amorites.
3:18 And I commanded g you at that time, saying, The LORD your
God hath given you this land to possess it: ye shall pass
over armed before your brethren the children of Israel, all
[that are] meet for the war.
(g) That is, the Reubenites, Gadites, and half Manasseh, as
in (Nu 32:32).
3:21 And I commanded Joshua at that time, saying, Thine eyes
have seen all that the h LORD your God hath done unto
these two kings: so shall the LORD do unto all the kingdoms
whither thou passest.
(h) So that the victories did not come by your own wisdom,
strength or multitude.
3:24 O Lord GOD, thou hast begun to shew thy servant thy
greatness, and thy mighty hand: for what God [is there] in
heaven or in earth, that can i do according to thy works,
and according to thy might?
(i) He speaks according to the common and corrupt speech of
those who attribute power to idols that only belongs to
3:25 I pray thee, let me go over, and see the good land that
[is] beyond Jordan, that goodly k mountain, and Lebanon.
(k) He means Zion, where the Temple should be built, and
3:27 Get thee up into the top of Pisgah, and l lift up thine
eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward,
and behold [it] with thine eyes: for thou shalt not go over
(l) As before he saw by the spirits of prophecy the good
mountain which was Zion: so here his eyes were lifted
up above the order of nature to behold all the
plentiful land of Canaan.