10:1 In the a third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was
revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar;
and the thing [was] true, but the time appointed [was] b
long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of
(a) He notes this third year, because at this time the
building of the temple began to be hindered by
Cambyses, Cyrus's son, when the father made war in Asia
minor against the Scythians, which was discouraging to
the godly, and fearful to Daniel.
(b) Which is to declare that the godly should not hasten
too much, but patiently abide the fulfilment of God's
10:4 And in the four and twentieth day of the c first month,
as I d was by the side of the great river, which [is]
(c) Called Abib, which contains part of March, and part of
(d) Being carried by the Spirit of prophecy so that he
could see the river Tigris.
10:5 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a
certain man e clothed in linen, whose loins [were] girded
with fine gold of Uphaz:
(e) This was the angel of God, who was sent to assure
Daniel in this prophecy that follows.
10:8 Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and
there remained no strength in me: for f my comeliness was
turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength.
(f) So that because of fear he was like a dead man because
of his deformity.
10:10 And, behold, an g hand touched me, which set me upon my
knees and [upon] the palms of my hands.
(g) Which declares that when we are struck down with the
majesty of God we cannot rise, unless he also lifts us
up with his hand, which is his power.
10:13 But the h prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me
one and twenty days: but, lo, i Michael, one of the
chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with
the kings of Persia.
(h) Meaning Cambyses, who reigned in his father's absence,
and did not only for this time hinder the building of
the temple, but would have further raged, if God had
not sent me to resist him: and therefore I have stayed
for the profit of the Church.
(i) Even though God could by one angel destroy all the
world, yet to assure his children of his love he sends
forth double power, even Michael, that is, Christ
Jesus the head of angels.
10:14 Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall
thy people in the latter days: for yet the k vision [is]
for [many] days.
(k) For even though the Prophet Daniel would end and
cease, yet his doctrine would continue until the
coming of Christ, for the comfort of his Church.
10:16 And, behold, l [one] like the similitude of the sons of
men touched my lips: then I opened my mouth, and spake,
and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, m by
the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have
retained no strength.
(l) This was the same angel that spoke with him before in
the appearance of a man.
(m) I was overcome with fear and sorrow, when I saw the
10:19 And said, O man greatly beloved, fear not: n peace [be]
unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong. And when he had
spoken unto me, I o was strengthened, and said, Let my
lord speak; for thou hast strengthened me.
(n) He declares by this that God would be merciful to the
people of Israel.
(o) Which declares that when God smites his children down,
he does not immediately lift them up at once (for now
the Angel had touched him twice), but by little and
10:20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and
now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and
when I am gone forth, lo, the p prince of Grecia shall
(p) Meaning that he would not only himself bridle the rage
of Cambyses, but also the other kings of Persia by
Alexander the King of Macedonia.
10:21 But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scripture
of truth: q and [there is] none that holdeth with me in
these things, but Michael your prince.
(q) For this angel was appointed for the defence of the
Church under Christ, who is the head of it.