18:1 And David a numbered the people that [were] with him, and
set captains of thousands and captains of hundreds over
(a) For certain of the Reubenites, Gadites, and of the half
tribe could not bear the insolence of the son against
the father, and therefore joined with David.
18:3 But the people answered, Thou shalt not go forth: for if we
flee away, they will not care for us; neither if half of us
die, will they care for us: but b now [thou art] worth
ten thousand of us: therefore now [it is] better that thou
succour us out of the city.
(b) Signifying that a good governor is so dear to his
people that they would rather lose their lives than
have anything happen to him.
18:6 So the people went out into the field against Israel: and
the battle was in the c wood of Ephraim;
(c) So called, because the Ephraimites (as some say) fed
their cattle beyond Jordan in this wood.
18:16 And Joab d blew the trumpet, and the people returned
from pursuing after Israel: for Joab held back the people.
(d) For he had pity on the people, who were seduced by
18:17 And they took Absalom, and cast him into a great e pit
in the wood, and laid a very great heap of stones upon
him: and all Israel fled every one to his tent.
(e) Thus God turned his vain glory to shame.
18:18 Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and reared up for
himself a pillar, which [is] in the king's dale: for he
said, I have no f son to keep my name in remembrance:
and he called the pillar after his own name: and it is
called unto this day, Absalom's place.
(f) It seemed that God had punished him by taking away his
children, (2Sa 14:27).
18:20 And Joab said unto him, Thou g shalt not bear tidings
this day, but thou shalt bear tidings another day: but
this day thou shalt bear no tidings, because the king's
son is dead.
(g) For Joab bore a good affection to Ahimaaz and doubted
how David would take the report of Absalom's death.
18:24 And David sat between the two h gates: and the watchman
went up to the roof over the gate unto the wall, and
lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold a man running
(h) He sat in the gate of the city of Mahanaim.
18:27 And the watchman said, Me thinketh the running of the
foremost is like the running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok.
And the king said, He [is] a i good man, and cometh with
18:29 And the king said, Is the young man Absalom safe? And
Ahimaaz answered, When Joab sent the king's k servant,
and [me] thy servant, I saw a great tumult, but I knew not
what [it was].
(k) That is, Cushi, who was an Ethiopian.
18:33 And the king was much l moved, and went up to the
chamber over the gate, and wept: and as he went, thus he
said, O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! would God
I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!
(l) Because he considers both the judgment of God against
his sin, and could not otherwise hide his fatherly
affection for his son.