18:3 And he did [that which was] a right in the sight of the
LORD, according to all that David his father did.
(a) Although they of Judah were given to idolatry and
impiety, as they of Israel were, yet God for the sake
of his promise was merciful to the throne of David, and
yet by his judgment toward the other, provoked to
18:4 He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut
down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent
that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of
Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it b
(b) That is "a piece of brass": thus he calls the serpent
by contempt, which even though it was set up by the
word of God, and miracles were wrought by it, when it
was used for idolatry this good king destroyed it, not
thinking it worthy to be called a serpent, but a piece
18:8 He smote the Philistines, [even] unto Gaza, and the borders
thereof, c from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced
18:14 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to
Lachish, saying, d I have offended; return from me: that
which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of
Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three
hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.
(d) As his zeal was before praised, so his weakness is
here set forth, that no one should glory in himself.
18:17 And the king of Assyria sent e Tartan and Rabsaris and
Rabshakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host
against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem.
And when they were come up, they came and stood by the
conduit of the upper pool, which [is] in the highway of
the fuller's field.
(e) After certain years, when Hezekiah ceased to send the
tribute appointed by the king of the Assyrians, he sent
his captains and army against him.
18:20 Thou sayest, (but [they are but] vain words,) [I have] f
counsel and strength for the war. Now on whom dost thou
trust, that thou rebellest against me?
(f) You think that words will serve to persuade your
people, or to move my master.
18:21 Now, behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised
reed, [even] upon g Egypt, on which if a man lean, it
will go into his hand, and pierce it: so [is] Pharaoh king
of Egypt unto all that trust on him.
(g) Egypt will not only be unable to help you, but will
be a detriment to you.
18:22 But if ye say unto me, We trust in the LORD our God: [is]
not that he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah
hath h taken away, and hath said to Judah and Jerusalem,
Ye shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem?
(h) Thus the idolaters think that God's religion is
destroyed, when superstition and idolatry are
18:23 Now therefore, I pray thee, give i pledges to my lord
the king of Assyria, and I will deliver thee two thousand
horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon
(i) Meaning, that it was best for him to yield to the king
of Assyria because his power was so small that he did
not have men to care for two thousand horses.
18:25 Am I now come up without the k LORD against this place
to destroy it? The LORD said to me, Go up against this
land, and destroy it.
(k) The wicked always flatter themselves in their
prosperity, that God favours them. Thus he speaks to
scare Hezekiah into thinking that by resisting him he
would be resisting God.
18:32 Until l I come and take you away to a land like your own
land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and
vineyards, a land of oil olive and of honey, that ye may
live, and not die: and hearken not unto Hezekiah, when he
persuadeth you, saying, The LORD will deliver us.
(l) He makes himself so sure, that he will not grant them
a truce, unless they give themselves to him to be led
away as captives.
18:35 Who [are] they among all the gods of the countries, that
have delivered their country out of mine hand, that the
m LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of mine hand?
(m) This is an execrable blasphemy against the true God,
to make him equal with the idols of other nations:
therefore God sharply punished him.