18:1 Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honour in abundance, and
joined a affinity with Ahab.
(a) For Joram Jehoshaphat's son married Ahab's daughter.
18:2 And after [certain] b years he went down to Ahab to
Samaria. And Ahab killed sheep and oxen for him in
abundance, and for the people that [he had] with him, and
persuaded him to go up [with him] to c Ramothgilead.
(b) That is, the third year, (1Ki 22:2).
(c) To recover it out of the hands of the Syrians.
18:4 And Jehoshaphat said unto the king of Israel, Enquire, I
pray thee, at the d word of the LORD to day.
(d) Hear the advise of some prophet to know whether it is
18:5 Therefore the king of Israel gathered together of e
prophets four hundred men, and said unto them, Shall we go
to Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I forbear? And they
said, Go up; for God will deliver [it] into the king's
(e) Who were the prophets of Baal, signifying that the
wicked esteem none but liars and such as will bear with
their inordinate affections.
18:7 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, [There is]
yet one man, by whom we may enquire of the LORD: but I f
hate him; for he never prophesied good unto me, but always
evil: the same [is] Micaiah the son of Imla. And
Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say g so.
(f) Yet the true ministers of God should not cease to do
their duty, even though the wicked magistrates cannot
abide them speaking the truth.
(g) Meaning, that he should not refuse to hear any that was
18:9 And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah sat
either of them on his throne, clothed in [their] h robes,
and they sat in a void place at the entering in of the gate
of Samaria; and all the prophets prophesied before them.
(h) That is, in their majesty and royal apparel.
18:10 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah had made him i horns
of iron, and said, Thus saith the LORD, With these thou
shalt push Syria until they be consumed.
18:12 And the messenger that went to call Micaiah spake to him,
saying, Behold, the words of the prophets [declare] good
to the king with one k assent; let thy word therefore, I
pray thee, be like one of theirs, and speak thou good.
(k) Thinking, that since four hundred prophets had agreed
in one thing, that he being but one man and in least
estimation, did not dare to go against it.
18:14 And when he was come to the king, the king said unto him,
Micaiah, shall we go to Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I
forbear? And he said, l Go ye up, and prosper, and they
shall be delivered into your hand.
(l) He spoke this in derision of the false prophets as the
king well knew.
18:16 Then he said, I did see all Israel scattered upon the
mountains, as sheep that have no shepherd: and the LORD
said, m These have no master; let them return
[therefore] every man to his house in peace.
(m) He prophesied of how the people would be scattered and
18:18 Again he said, Therefore hear the word of the LORD; I saw
the LORD sitting upon his throne, and all the n host of
heaven standing on his right hand and [on] his left.
(n) Meaning his angels.
18:21 And he said, I will go out, and be a lying spirit in the
mouth of all his prophets. And o [the LORD] said, Thou
shalt entice [him], and thou shalt also prevail: go out,
and do [even] so.
(o) That is, the Lord.
18:22 Now therefore, behold, the LORD hath put a p lying
spirit in the mouth of these thy prophets, and the LORD
hath spoken evil against thee.
(p) To those who would not believe the truth, God sent a
strong delusion, that they would believe lies,
18:23 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and smote
Micaiah upon the q cheek, and said, Which way went the
Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee?
(q) By this cruelty his ambition and hypocrisy was
discovered; thus the hypocrites boast of the Spirit
which they do not have, and declare their malice
against them on whom the true Spirit is.
18:26 And say, Thus saith the king, Put this [fellow] in the
prison, and feed him with bread of r affliction and with
water of affliction, until I return in peace.
(r) Keep him in prison, and let him feel hunger and
18:29 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, I will s
disguise myself, and will go to the battle; but put thou
on thy robes. So the king of Israel disguised himself; and
they went to the battle.
(s) Thus the wicked think by their own subtilty to escape
God's judgments which he threatens by his word.
18:31 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw
Jehoshaphat, that they said, It [is] the king of Israel.
Therefore they compassed about him to fight: but
Jehoshaphat t cried out, and the LORD helped him; and
God moved them [to depart] from him.
(t) He cried to the Lord by acknowledging his fault in
going with this wicked king to war against the word of
the Lord by his prophet and also by desiring mercy for
18:34 And the battle increased that day: howbeit the king of
Israel u stayed [himself] up in [his] chariot against
the Syrians until the even: and about the time of the sun
going down he died.
(u) He disguised his wound that his soldiers might fight