19:1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his
servants, that they should a kill David.
(a) Before Saul sought David's life secretly, but now his
hypocrisy grows to open cruelty.
19:3 And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field
where thou b [art], and I will commune with my father of
thee; and what I see, that I will tell thee.
(b) That I may warn you what to do.
19:6 And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan: and Saul c
sware, [As] the LORD liveth, he shall not be slain.
(c) Whatever he pretended outwardly, yet his heart was full
19:9 And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat
in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David d
played with [his] hand.
(d) He played on his harp to appease the rage of the evil
spirit, (1Sa 16:23).
19:12 So Michal e let David down through a window: and he
went, and fled, and escaped.
(e) Thus God moved both the son and daughter of this
tyrant to favour David against their father.
19:15 And Saul sent the messengers [again] to see David, saying,
Bring him up to me in the f bed, that I may slay him.
(f) Behold, how the tyrants to accomplish their rage,
neither regard oath nor friendship, God nor man.
19:18 So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah,
and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and
Samuel went and dwelt in g Naioth.
(g) Naioth was a school where the word of God was studied,
19:20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw
the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel
standing h [as] appointed over them, the Spirit of God
was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also i
(h) Being their chief instructor.
(i) Changed their minds and praised God.
19:23 And he k went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit
of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied,
until he came to Naioth in Ramah.
(k) With a mind to persecute them.
19:24 And he stripped off his l clothes also, and prophesied
before Samuel in like manner, and lay m down naked all
that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, [Is] Saul
also among the prophets?
(l) His kingly apparel.
(m) He humbled himself as others did.