17:17 And Jesse said unto David his son, d Take now for thy
brethren an ephah of this parched [corn], and these ten
loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren;
(d) Though Jesse meant one thing, yet God's providence
directed David to another end.
17:18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of [their]
thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their
(e) If they have laid anything to gauge for their
necessity, redeem it out.
17:23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the
champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of
the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the
f same words: and David heard [them].
17:25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is
come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it
shall be, [that] the man who killeth him, the king will
enrich him with great riches, and will give him his
daughter, and make his father's house g free in Israel.
(g) From taxes and payments.
17:26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What
shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and
taketh away the h reproach from Israel? for who [is]
this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the
armies of the living God?
(h) This dishonour that he does to Israel.
17:29 And David said, What have I now done? [Is there] not a i
(i) For his father's sending was a just occasion, and also
he felt himself inwardly moved by God's Spirit.
17:33 And Saul said to David, Thou art not k able to go
against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou [art
but] a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.
(k) Here Satan proves David's faith, by the infidelity of
17:34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's
sheep, and there came a l lion, and a bear, and took a
lamb out of the flock:
(l) David, because of previous experience with God's help,
did not doubt to overcome this danger, seeing as he
was zealous for God's honour.
17:37 David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the
paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will
deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul
said unto David, m Go, and the LORD be with thee.
(m) For by these examples he saw that the power of God was
17:40 And he took his n staff in his hand, and chose him five
smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a
shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his
sling [was] in his hand: and he drew near to the
(n) So that by these weak means, It might be known that
only God was the author of this victory.
17:43 And the Philistine said unto David, [Am] I a dog, that
thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine o
cursed David by his gods.
(o) He swore by his gods that he would destroy him.
17:46 This p day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand;
and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and
I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines
this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts
of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a
God in Israel.
(p) David being assured both of his cause and of his
calling prophecies of the destruction of the
17:48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came
and drew nigh to meet David, that David q hasted, and
ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
(q) Being moved with a fervent zeal to be revenged of this
blaspheme of God's name.
17:55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine,
he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, e
whose son [is] this youth? And Abner said, [As] thy soul
liveth, O king, I cannot tell.
(e) That is, of what family and tribe is he? He had
forgotten David, even though he had received so great
a benefit by him.