1:21 Elect according to the a foreknowledge of God the
Father, through b sanctification of the Spirit, unto
obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace
unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
(1) Peter purposing to speak of the duties of a Christian life,
reasons first of the principles and beginnings of all
Christian actions, rising far higher than nature, and
carrying us also far above the same. For he shows that we
who are otherwise by nature sinners, were through the free
mercy of God the Father first chosen from everlasting: then
according to that everlasting decree. We were by a certain
second creation made his sons in Christ his only begotten,
by whose Spirit we are inwardly changed and by whose blood
we are also reconciled. To the end, that as Christ himself
rose again from the dead, we also might be received into
that same heavenly and everlasting glory.
(a) Or, according to the purpose of God, who never alters
nor changes the same.
(b) That being set apart from the rest of this wicked world,
through the working of the Holy Spirit, they should be
consecrated to God; (Eph 1:5)
1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again
unto a c lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ
from the dead,
(c) Everlasting hope.
1:52 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto
salvation ready to be revealed in the d last time.
(2) Now he shows by what way we come to that glory, that is,
through all types of afflictions. Wherein nonetheless faith
maketh us so secure, that we are not overcome with sorrow.
But through the beholding of God himself (who otherwise is
invisible) with the eyes of faith, we are made unspeakably
joyful. Because all such things, as they are but for a
time, so are they not applied unto us to destroy us, but as
it were by fire to purge us, and to make us perfect that at
length we may obtain salvation.
(d) This is that time which Daniel calls the time of the
end, when the great restoring of all things shall be,
which all creation looks for; (Ro 8:19)
1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than
of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might
be found unto praise and honour and glory at the e
appearing of Jesus Christ:
(e) He speaks of the second coming of Christ.
1:103 Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and
searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace [that
should come] unto you:
(3) He makes a difference between true faith, that is to say,
that faith which only has an eye to the doctrine of the
prophets and apostles, and false faith. Afterward he makes
two degrees of one and the same faith, according to the
manner of the various revelations, when as in deed it is
but one only faith. Thirdly, he says that the preaching of
the apostles is the fulfilling of the preaching of the
prophets, although the latter end of it be as yet looked
for by the very angels.
1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but
unto us they did minister the things, which are now
reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel
unto you with the Holy Ghost f sent down from heaven;
which things the angels desire to look into.
(f) He alludes to the prophecy of Joel, which was exhibited
upon the day of Pentecost, in the Apostles, as it were
in the first fruits of the Holy Spirit, which this same
prophecy Peter declares; (Ac 2:6 )
1:134 Wherefore g gird up the loins of your mind, be sober,
and 5 hope h to the end for the grace 6 that is to be
brought unto you 7 at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
(4) He goes from faith to hope, which is indeed a companion
that cannot be separated from faith. He uses an argument
taken by comparison: We should not be wearied in looking for
so excellent a thing, which the very angels wait for with
(g) This is a borrowed speech, taken from common use among
them: for since they wore long garments, they could
not travel unless they girded up themselves: and hence
it is that Christ said, Let your loins be girded up.
(5) He sets forth very briefly, what manner of hope ours ought
to be, that is, continual, until we enjoy the thing we hope
for: then, what we have to hope for, that is, grace (that
is, free salvation) revealed to us in the gospel, and not
that, that men do rather and fondly promise to themselves.
(h) Soundly and sincerely.
(6) An argument to stir up our minds, seeing that God does not
wait until we seek him, but causes so great a benefit to be
brought even unto us.
(7) He sets out the end of faith, lest any man should promise
himself, either sooner or latter, that full salvation, that
is, the latter coming of Christ. In addition warns that that
which we are now, is not yet revealed.
1:148 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves
according to the former lusts in your ignorance:
(8) He passes from faith and hope, to the fruits of them both,
which are understood in the name of obedience. It consists
in two things, in renouncing our lusts, and living godly:
which lusts have their beginning in that blindness in which
all men are born: but holiness proceeds that the father and
the children may be of one disposition.
1:169 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.
(9) He shows that sanctification does necessarily follow
1:1710 And if ye i call on the Father, who without respect
of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the
time of your sojourning [here] in fear:
(10) As before he distinguished true faith and hope from false,
so does he now obedience, setting the quick and sharp
sight of God, against an outward mask, and earnest
reverence against vain severity.
(i) If you will be called the sons of that father.
1:18 (11) Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with
corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain
conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers;
(11) An exhortation, in which he sets forth the excellency and
greatness of the benefit of God the Father in sanctifying
us by the death of his own Son. And he partly sets the
purifyings of the law against the thing itself, that is,
against the blood of Christ, and partly also men's
traditions, which he condemns as utterly vain and
superstitious, be they never so old and ancient.
1:2012 Who verily was foreordained before the k foundation
of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,
(12) The taking away of an objection: what was done to the
world, before Christ was sent into the world? was there no
holiness before, and was there no Church? The apostle
answers, that Christ was ordained and appointed to redeem
and deliver mankind, before mankind was: much less was
there any Church without him before his coming in the
flesh: yet we are happiest about the rest, to whom Christ
was exhibited indeed, in this that he having suffered and
overcome death for us, does now most effectually work in
us by the power of his Spirit, to create in us faith,
hope, and charity.
(k) From everlasting.
1:2213 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the
truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the
brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart
(13) He commends the practice of obedience, that is, charity:
earnestly repeating again, that he speaks not of any
common charity, and such as proceeds from that our corrupt
nature, but of that whose beginning is the Spirit of God,
which purifies our souls through the word laid hold on by
faith, and engenders also in us a spiritual and everlasting
life, as God himself is most pure and truly living.
1:2414 For all l flesh [is] as grass, and all the glory of
man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the
flower thereof falleth away:
(14) A reason why we need this heavenly birth, that is, because
men, though their glory may not be great, are by nature
void of all true and sound goodness.
(l) The word, "flesh", shows the weakness of our nature,
which is chiefly to be considered in the flesh itself.
1:2515 But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this
is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.
(15) Again lest any man should seek that spiritual force and
virtue in feigned imaginations, the apostle calls us back
to the word of God: teaching us furthermore, that there is
no other word of the Lord to be looked for than this that
is preached, in which we must trust alone.