4:2 And these [were] the a princes which he had; b Azariah
the son of Zadok the priest,
(a) That is, his chief officers.
(b) He was the son of Achimais and Zadok's nephew.
4:4 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [was] over the host: and
Zadok and c Abiathar [were] the priests:
(c) Not Abiathar whom Solomon had put from his office,
(1Ki 2:27) but another of that name.
4:13 The son of Geber, in Ramothgilead; to him [pertained] the
towns of d Jair the son of Manasseh, which [are] in
Gilead; to him [also pertained] the region of Argob, which
[is] in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and
(d) Which bore Jair's name, because he took them from the
Canaanites, (Nu 32:41).
4:17 Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in e Issachar:
(e) Solomon did not observe the division that Joshua made,
but divided it as might best serve his purposes.
4:20 Judah and Israel [were] many, as the sand which [is] by the
sea in multitude, f eating and drinking, and making
(f) They lived in all peace and security.
4:21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the g river
unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of
Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the
days of his life.
(g) Which is the Euphrates.
4:24 For he had dominion over all [the region] on this side the
river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the h kings
on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round
(h) For they were all tributaries to him.
4:25 And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine
and under his fig tree, from i Dan even to Beersheba, all
the days of Solomon.
(i) Throughout all Israel.
4:29 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding
much, and k largeness of heart, even as the sand that
[is] on the sea shore.
(k) Meaning, great understanding and able to comprehend all
4:30 And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the
children of the l east country, and all the wisdom of
(l) That is, the philosophers and astronomers who were
judged most wise.
4:32 And he spake three thousand m proverbs: and his songs
were a thousand and five.
(m) Which for the most part are thought to have perished in
the captivity of Babylon.
4:33 And he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that [is] in
Lebanon even unto the n hyssop that springeth out of the
wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping
things, and of fishes.