10:1 And when the queen of a Sheba heard of the fame of
Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to prove
him with hard questions.
(a) Josephus says that she was Queen of Ethiopia, and that
Sheba was the name of the chief city of Meroe, which is
an island of the Nile.
10:5 And the b meat of his table, and the sitting of his
servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their
apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he
went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more
spirit in her.
(b) That is, the whole order, and trade of his house.
10:8 Happy [are] thy men, happy [are] these thy servants, which
stand continually before thee, [and] that hear thy c
(c) But much more happy are they, who hear the wisdom of
God revealed in his word.
10:9 Blessed be the LORD thy God, which d delighted in thee,
to set thee on the throne of Israel: because the LORD loved
Israel for ever, therefore made he thee king, to do e
judgment and justice.
(d) It is a chief sign of God's favour, when godly and wise
rulers fit in the throne of justice.
(e) This is the reason kings are appointed.
10:15 Beside [that he had] of the merchantmen, and of the
traffick of the spice merchants, and of all the kings of
Arabia, and of the governors of the f country.
(f) That is, Arabia, which for the great abundance of all
things was called Happy.
10:19 The throne had six steps, and the top of the throne [was]
round behind: and [there were] g stays on either side on
the place of the seat, and two lions stood beside the
(g) As the chair bows, or places to lean upon.
10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy
of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of h
Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and
(h) By Tharshish is meant Cilicia, which was abundant in
the variety of precious things.