Scarlet: This dye was obtained by the Egyptians from the shell-fish Carthamus
tinctorius; and by the Hebrews from the Coccus ilicis, an insect
which infests oak trees, called kermes by the Arabians.
1. This colour was early known
2. It was one of the colours of
a. the ephod
b. the girdle
c. the breastplate
(Exodus 28:15) of the high priest.
3. It is also mentioned in various other connections
(2 Samuel 1:24; Lamentations 4:5; Nahum 2:3)
4. A scarlet robe was in mockery placed on our Lord
(Matthew 27:28; Luke 23:11)
5. "Sins as scarlet"
(Isaiah 1:18) i.e., as scarlet robes "glaring and
habitual." Scarlet and crimson were the firmest of dyes, and thus
not easily washed out.