Prayer: 1. Is converse with God; the intercourse of the soul with God, not in
contemplation or meditation, but in direct address to him. Prayer
may be oral or mental, occasional or constant, ejaculatory or formal.
a. a "beseeching the Lord"
b. "pouring out the soul before the Lord"
(1 Samuel 1:15)
c. "praying and crying to heaven"
(2 Chronicles 32:20)
d. "seeking unto God and making supplication"
e. "drawing near to God"
f. "bowing the knees"
2. Prayer presupposes a belief in the personality of God, his ability
and willingness to hold intercourse with us, his personal control
of all things and of all his creatures and all their actions.
Acceptable prayer must be sincere
(Hebrews 10:22) offered with
reverence and godly fear, with a humble sense of our own
insignificance as creatures and of our own unworthiness as sinners,
with earnest importunity, and with unhesitating submission to the
3. Prayer must also be offered in the faith that God is, and is the
hearer and answerer of prayer, and that he will fulfil his word,
"Ask, and ye shall receive"
(Matthew 7:7,8; 21:22; Mark 11:24; John 14:13,14)
and in the name of Christ
(John 16:23,24; 15:16; Ephesians 2:18; 5:20)
(Colossians 3:17; 1 Peter 2:5)
4. Prayer is of different kinds,
b. social, as family prayers, and in social worship; and public,
in the service of the sanctuary.
c. Intercessory prayer is enjoined
(Numbers 6:23; Job 42:8; Isaiah 62:6)
(Psalms 122:6; 1 Timothy 2:1; James 5:14)
5. There are many instances on record of answers having been given to
such prayers, e.g.,
a. of Abraham
(Genesis 17:18,20; 18:23-32; 20:7,17,18)
b. of Moses for Pharaoh
(Exodus 8:12,13,30,31; 9:33)
c. for the Israelites
(Exodus 17:11,13; 32:11-14,31-34; Numbers 21:7,8)
d. for Miriam
e. for Aaron
f. of Samuel
(1 Samuel 7:5-12)
g. of Solomon
(1 Kings 8:1)ff
(2 Chronicles 6:1)ff
(1 Kings 17:20-23)
(2 Kings 4:33-36)
(2 Kings 19:1)ff
l. the church
6. No rules are anywhere in Scripture laid down for the manner of
prayer or the attitude to be assumed by the suppliant. There is
mention made of
a. kneeling in prayer
(1 Kings 8:54; 2 Chronicles 6:13; Psalms 95:6; Isaiah 45:23)
(Luke 22:41; Acts 7:60; 9:40; Ephesians 3:14) etc.;
b. of bowing and falling prostrate
(Genesis 24:26,52; Exodus 4:31; 12:27)
(Matthew 26:39; Mark 14:35) etc.;
c. of spreading out the hands
(1 Kings 8:22,38,54; Psalms 28:2; 63:4; 88:9)
(1 Timothy 2:8) etc.;
d. of standing
(1 Samuel 1:26; 1 Kings 8:14,55; 2 Chronicles 20:9; Mark 11:25; Luke 18:11,13)
7. If we except the "Lord's Prayer"
(Matthew 6:9-13) which is, however,
rather a model or pattern of prayer than a set prayer to be offered
up, we have no special form of prayer for general use given us in
Scripture. Prayer is frequently enjoined in Scripture
(1 Kings 3:5; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Psalms 37:4; Isaiah 55:6; Joel 2:32; Ezekiel 36:37) etc., and
we have very many testimonies that it has been answered
(Psalms 4:1; 6:8; 18:6; 28:6; 30:2; 34:4; 118:5; James 5:16-18) etc.
a. "Abraham's servant prayed to God, and God directed him to the
person who should be wife to his master's son and heir
b. "Jacob prayed to God, and God inclined the heart of his
irritated brother, so that they met in peace and friendship
(Genesis 32:24-30; 33:1-4)
c. "Samson prayed to God, and God showed him a well where he
quenched his burning thirst, and so lived to judge Israel
d. "David prayed, and God defeated the counsel of Ahithophel
(2 Samuel 15:31; 16:20-23; 17:14-23)
e. "Daniel prayed, and God enabled him both to tell Nebuchadnezzar
his dream and to give the interpretation of it
f. "Nehemiah prayed, and God inclined the heart of the king of
Persia to grant him leave of absence to visit and rebuild
(Nehemiah 1:11; 2:1-6)
g. "Esther and Mordecai prayed, and God defeated the purpose of
Haman, and saved the Jews from destruction
(Esther 4:15-17; 6:7,8)
h. "The believers in Jerusalem prayed, and God opened the prison
doors and set Peter at liberty, when Herod had resolved upon
i. "Paul prayed that the thorn in the flesh might be removed,
and his prayer brought a large increase of spiritual strength,
while the thorn perhaps remained
(2 Corinthians 12:7-10)
"Prayer is like the dove that Noah sent forth, which blessed him not
only when it returned with an olive-leaf in its mouth, but when it
never returned at all.", Robinson's Job.