Oven: Heb. tannur,
(Hosea 7:4) In towns there appear to have been public ovens.
There was a street in Jerusalem
(Jeremiah 37:21) called "bakers' street"
(the only case in which the name of a street in Jerusalem is
preserved). The words "tower of the furnaces"
(Nehemiah 3:11; 12:38) is more
properly "tower of the ovens" (Heb. tannurim). These resemble the
ovens in use among ourselves. There were other private ovens of
different kinds. Some were like large jars made of earthenware or
copper, which were heated inside with wood
(1 Kings 17:12; Isaiah 44:15)
(Jeremiah 7:18) or grass
(Matthew 6:30) and when the fire had burned out,
small pieces of dough were placed inside or spread in thin layers on
the outside, and were thus baked.
Pits were also formed for the same purposes, and lined with cement.
These were used after the same manner. Heated stones, or sand heated
by a fire heaped over it, and also flat irons pans, all served as
ovens for the preparation of bread. (See)
(Genesis 18:6; 1 Kings 19:6)