Matthew: Gift of God, a common Jewish name after the Exile. He was the son of
Alphaeus, and was a publican or tax-gatherer at Capernaum. On one
occasion Jesus, coming up from the side of the lake, passed the
custom-house where Matthew was seated, and said to him, "Follow me."
Matthew arose and followed him, and became his disciple
Formerly the name by which he was known was Levi
(Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27) he
now changed it, possibly in grateful memory of his call, to Matthew.
The same day on which Jesus called him he made a "great feast"
(Luke 5:29) a farewell feast, to which he invited Jesus and his
disciples, and probably also many of old associates. He was afterwards
selected as one of the twelve
(Luke 6:15) His name does not occur
again in the Gospel history except in the lists of the apostles. The
last notice of him is in
(Acts 1:13) The time and manner of his death