John: 1. One who, with Annas and Caiaphas, sat in judgment on the
apostles Peter and John
(Acts 4:6) He was of the kindred of the
high priest; otherwise unknown.
2. The Hebrew name of Mark (q.v.). He is designated by this name in
the Acts of the Apostles
(Acts 12:12,25; 13:5,13; 15:37)
3. THE APOSTLE, brother of James the "Greater"
(Matthew 4:21; 10:2)
(Mark 1:19; 3:17; 10:35) He was one, probably the younger, of the
sons of Zebedee
(Matthew 4:21) and Salome
(Matthew 27:56) comp.
(Mark 15:40) and was born at Bethsaida. His father was
apparently a man of some wealth (comp.
(Mark 1:20; Luke 5:3)
(John 19:27) He was doubtless trained in all that constituted
the ordinary education of Jewish youth. When he grew up he
followed the occupation of a fisherman on the Lake of Galilee.
When John the Baptist began his ministry in the wilderness of
Judea, John, with many others, gathered round him, and was
deeply influenced by his teaching. There he heard the
announcement, "Behold the Lamb of God," and forthwith, on the
invitation of Jesus, became a disciple and ranked among his
(John 1:36,37) for a time. He and his brother then
returned to their former avocation, for how long is uncertain.
Jesus again called them
(Matthew 4:21; Luke 5:1-11) and now they left
all and permanently attached themselves to the company of his
disciples. He became one of the innermost circle
(Matthew 17:1; 26:37; Mark 13:3) He was the disciple whom Jesus loved.
In zeal and intensity of character he was a "Boanerges"
(Mark 3:17) This spirit once and again broke out
(Mark 10:35-41; Luke 9:49,54) At the betrayal he and Peter follow
Christ afar off, while the others betake themselves to hasty
(John 18:15) At the trial he follows Christ into the
council chamber, and thence to the praetorium
and to the place of crucifixion
(John 19:26,27) To him and
Peter, Mary first conveys tidings of the resurrection
and they are the first to go and see what her strange words
mean. After the resurrection he and Peter again return to the
Sea of Galilee, where the Lord reveals himself to them
(John 21:1,7) We find Peter and John frequently after this
(Acts 3:1; 4:13) John remained apparently in Jerusalem
as the leader of the church there
(Acts 15:6; Galatians 2:9) His
subsequent history is unrecorded. He was not there, however, at
the time of Paul's last visit
(Acts 21:15-40) He appears to
have retired to Ephesus, but at what time is unknown. The seven
churches of Asia were the objects of his special care
(Revelation 1:11) He suffered under persecution, and was banished to
(Revelation 1:9) whence he again returned to Ephesus, where he
died, probably about A.D. 98 having outlived all or nearly all
the friends and companions even of his maturer years. There are
many interesting traditions regarding John during his residence
at Ephesus, but these cannot claim the character of historical