Galilee, Sea of: (Matthew 4:18; 15:29) is mentioned in the Bible under three other
1. In the Old Testament it is called the "sea of Chinnereth"
(Numbers 34:11; Joshua 12:3; 13:27) as is supposed from its harp-like
2. The "lake of Gennesareth" once by Luke
(Luke 5:1) from the flat
district lying on its west coast.
(John 6:1; 21:1) calls it the "sea of Tiberias" (q.v.). The
modern Arabs retain this name, Bahr Tabariyeh.
This lake is 12 1/2 miles long, and from 4 to 7 1/2 broad. Its surface
is 682 feet below the level of the Mediterranean. Its depth is from 80
to 160 feet. The Jordan enters it 10 1/2 miles below the southern
extremity of the Huleh Lake, or about 26 1/2 miles from its source. In
this distance of 26 1/2 miles there is a fall in the river of 1,682
feet, or of more than 60 feet to the mile. It is 27 miles east of the
Mediterranean, and about 60 miles north-east of Jerusalem. It is of an
oval shape, and abounds in fish. Its present appearance is thus
described: "The utter loneliness and absolute stillness of the scene
are exceedingly impressive. It seems as if all nature had gone to
rest, languishing under the scorching heat. How different it was in
the days of our Lord! Then all was life and bustle along the shores;
the cities and villages that thickly studded them resounded with the
hum of a busy population; while from hill-side and corn-field came the
cheerful cry of shepherd and ploughman. The lake, too, was dotted with
dark fishing-boats and spangled with white sails. Now a mournful,
solitary silence reigns over sea and shore. The cities are in ruins!"
This sea is chiefly of interest as associated with the public ministry
of our Lord. Capernaum, "his own city"
(Matthew 9:1) stood on its
shores. From among the fishermen who plied their calling on its waters
he chose Peter and his brother Andrew, and James and John, to be
disciples, and sent them forth to be "fishers of men"
(Mark 1:16-20; Luke 5:1-11) He stilled its tempest, saying to the storm
that swept over it, "Peace, be still"
(Matthew 8:23-27; Mark 7:31-35) and
here also he showed himself after his resurrection to his disciples
(John 21:1)ff "The Sea of Galilee is indeed the cradle of the
gospel. The subterranean fires of nature prepared a lake basin,
through which a river afterwards ran, keeping its waters always fresh.
In this basin a vast quantity of shell-fish swarmed, and multiplied to
such an extent that they formed the food of an extraordinary profusion
of fish. The great variety and abundance of the fish in the lake
attracted to its shores a larger and more varied population than
existed elsewhere in Palestine, whereby this secluded district was
brought into contact with all parts of the world. And this large and
varied population, with access to all nations and countries, attracted
the Lord Jesus, and induced him to make this spot the centre of his