Edrei: Mighty; strength.
1. One of the chief towns of the kingdom of Bashan
(Joshua 12:4,5) Here
Og was defeated by the Israelites, and the strength of the
(Numbers 21:33-35) It subsequently belonged to
Manasseh, for a short time apparently, and afterwards became the
abode of banditti and outlaws
(Joshua 13:31) It has been identified
with the modern Edr'a, which stands on a rocky promontory on the
south-west edge of the Lejah (the Argob of the Hebrews, and
Trachonitis of the Greeks). The ruins of Edr'a are the most
extensive in the Hauran. They are 3 miles in circumference.
A number of the ancient houses still remain; the walls, roofs,
and doors being all of stone. The wild region of which Edrei was
the capital is thus described in its modern aspect: "Elevated
about 20 feet above the plain, it is a labyrinth of clefts
and crevasses in the rock, formed by volcanic action; and owing
to its impenetrable condition, it has become a refuge for
outlaws and turbulent characters, who make it a sort of Cave of
Adullam. It is, in fact, an impregnable natural fortress, about
20 miles in length and 15 in breadth" (Porter's Syria, etc.).
Beneath this wonderful city there is also a subterranean city,
hollowed out probably as a refuge for the population of the
upper city in times of danger.
2. A town of Naphtali