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Colony: The city of Philippi was a Roman colony
(Acts 16:12) i.e., a military
settlement of Roman soldiers and citizens, planted there to keep in
subjection a newly-conquered district. A colony was Rome in
miniature, under Roman municipal law, but governed by military
officers (praetors and lictors), not by proconsuls. It had an
independent internal government, the jus Italicum; i.e., the
privileges of Italian citizens.