Artaxerxes: The Greek form of the name of several Persian kings.
1. The king who obstructed the rebuilding of the temple
(Ezra 4:7) He
was probably the Smerdis of profane history.
2. The king mentioned in
(Ezra 7:1) in the seventh year (B.C. 458)
of whose reign Ezra led a second colony of Jews back to
Jerusalem, was probably Longimanus, who reigned for forty years
(B.C. 464) the grandson of Darius, who, fourteen years later,
permitted Nehemiah to return and rebuild Jerusalem.