1. Joshua, the son of Nun
(Acts 7:45; Hebrews 4:8) R.V., "Joshua".
2. A Jewish Christian surnamed Justus
(Colossians 4:11) Je'sus, the proper,
as Christ is the official, name of our Lord. To distinguish him
from others so called, he is spoken of as "Jesus of Nazareth"
(John 18:7) and "Jesus the son of Joseph"
(John 6:42) This is
the Greek form of the Hebrew name Joshua, which was originally
(Numbers 13:8,16) but changed by Moses into Jehoshua
(Numbers 13:16; 1 Chronicles 7:27) or Joshua. After the Exile it assumed the form
Jeshua, whence the Greek form Jesus. It was given to our Lord to
denote the object of his mission, to save
(Matthew 1:21) The life of
Jesus on earth may be divided into two great periods,
a. That of his private life, till he was about thirty years of age
In the "fulness of time" he was born at Bethlehem, in the
reign of the emperor Augustus, of Mary, who was betrothed
to Joseph, a carpenter
(Matthew 1:1; Luke 3:23) comp.
His birth was announced to the shepherds
Wise men from the east came to Bethlehem to see him who
was born "King of the Jews," bringing gifts with them
(Matthew 2:1-12) Herod's cruel jealousy led to Joseph's
flight into Egypt with Mary and the infant Jesus, where
they tarried till the death of this king
when they returned and settled in Nazareth, in Lower
(Matthew 2:23) comp.
(Luke 4:16; John 1:46) etc. At the
age of twelve years he went up to Jerusalem to the
Passover with his parents. There, in the temple, "in the
midst of the doctors," all that heard him were "astonished
at his understanding and answers"
(Luke 2:41-47) etc.
Eighteen years pass, of which we have no record beyond
this, that he returned to Nazareth and "increased in
wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man"
b. that of his public life, which lasted about three years. He
entered on his public ministry when he was about thirty years
of age. It is generally reckoned to have extended to about
three years. "Each of these years had peculiar features of its
1. The first year may be called the year of obscurity, both
because the records of it which we possess are very scanty,
and because he seems during it to have been only slowly
emerging into public notice. It was spent for the most part
2. The second year was the year of public favour, during which
the country had become thoroughly aware of him; his
activity was incessant, and his frame rang through the
length and breadth of the land. It was almost wholly passed
3. The third was the year of opposition, when the public
favour ebbed away. His enemies multiplied and assailed him
with more and more pertinacity, and at last he fell a
victim to their hatred. The first six months of this final
year were passed in Galilee, and the last six in other
parts of the land.", Stalker's Life of Jesus Christ, p. 45
The only reliable sources of information regarding the life
of Christ on earth are the Gospels, which present in
historical detail the words and the work of Christ in so
many different aspects.