Hour: First found in
(Daniel 3:6; 4:19,33; 5:5) It is the rendering of the Chaldee
shaah, meaning a "moment," a "look." It is used in the New Testament
frequently to denote some determinate season
(Matthew 8:13; Luke 12:39) With
the ancient Hebrews the divisions of the day were "morning, evening,
(Psalms 55:17) etc. The Greeks, following the Babylonians,
divided the day into twelve hours. The Jews, during the Captivity,
learned also from the Babylonians this method of dividing time. When
Judea became subject to the Romans, the Jews adopted the Roman mode
of reckoning time. The night was divided into four watches
(Matthew 14:25; 13:25) Frequent allusion is also made to hours
(Matthew 25:13; 26:40) etc.
An hour was the twelfth part of the day, reckoning from sunrise to
sunset, and consequently it perpetually varied in length.