Golgotha: The common name of the spot where Jesus was crucified. It is
interpreted by the evangelists as meaning "the place of a skull"
(Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17) This name represents in Greek letters
the Aramaic word Gulgaltha, which is the Hebrew Gulgoleth
(1 Chronicles 23:3,24; 2 Kings 9:35) meaning "a skull." It is identical with the
word Calvary (q.v.). It was a little knoll rounded like a bare skull.
It is obvious from the evangelists that it was some well-known spot
outside the gate (comp.)
(Hebrews 13:12) and near the city
containing a "garden"
(John 19:41) and on a thoroughfare leading into
the country. Hence it is an untenable idea that it is embraced within
the present "Church of the Holy Sepulchre." The hillock above
Jeremiah's Grotto, to the north of the city, is in all probability the
true site of Calvary. The skull-like appearance of the rock in the
southern precipice of the hillock is very remarkable.