Furnace: 1. Chald. attun, a large furnace with a wide open mouth, at the top
of which materials were cast in
(Daniel 3:22,23) comp.
This furnace would be in constant requisition, for the
Babylonians disposed of their dead by cremation, as did also the
Accadians who invaded Mesopotamia.
2. Heb. kibshan, a smelting furnace
(Genesis 19:28) also a lime-kiln
(Isaiah 33:12; Amos 2:1)
3. Heb. kur, a refining furnace
(Proverbs 17:3; 27:21; Ezekiel 22:18)
4. Heb. alil, a crucible; only used in
5. Heb. tannur, oven for baking bread
(Genesis 15:17; Isaiah 31:9; Nehemiah 3:11) It
was a large pot, narrowing towards the top. When it was heated
by a fire made within, the dough was spread over the heated
surface, and thus was baked. "A smoking furnace and a burning
(Genesis 15:17) the symbol of the presence of the Almighty,
passed between the divided pieces of Abraham's sacrifice in
ratification of the covenant God made with him.
6. Gr. kamnos, a furnace, kiln, or oven
(Matthew 13:42,50; Revelation 1:15; 9:2)