Debir: Oracle town; sanctuary.
1. One of the eleven cities to the west of Hebron, in the highlands
(Joshua 15:49; Judges 1:11-15) It was originally one of the
towns of the Anakim
(Joshua 15:15) and was also called
Kirjath-sepher (q.v.) and Kirjath-sannah
(Joshua 15:49). Caleb, who
had conquered and taken possession of the town and district of
(Joshua 14:6-15) offered the hand of his daughter to any
one who would successfully lead a party against Debir. Othniel,
his younger brother
(Judges 1:13; 3:9) achieved the conquest,
and gained Achsah as his wife. She was not satisfied with the
portion her father gave her, and as she was proceeding toward
her new home, she "lighted from off her ass" and said to him,
"Give me a blessing [i.e., a dowry]: for thou hast given me a
(Joshua 15:19) A.V.; or, as in the Revised Version,
"Thou hast set me in the land of the south", i.e., in the
Negeb, outside the rich valley of Hebron, in the dry and barren
land. "Give me also springs of water. And he gave her the
upper springs, and the nether springs." Debir has been
identified with the modern Edh-Dhaheriyeh, i.e., "the well on
the ridge", to the south of Hebron.
2. A place near the "valley of Achor"
(Joshua 15:7) on the north
boundary of Judah, between Jerusalem and Jericho.
3. The king of Eglon, one of the five Canaanitish kings who were
hanged by Joshua
(Joshua 10:3,23) after the victory at Gibeon. These
kings fled and took refuge in a cave at Makkedah. Here they were
kept confined till Joshua returned from the pursuit of their
discomfited armies, when he caused them to be brought forth, and
"Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five