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Easton's Bible Dictionary

     The following is the results of your search for Congregation.

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Easton's Bible Dictionary
Congregation, Mount of the
Mount of the Congregation
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Congregation: (Heb. kahal), the Hebrew people collectively as a holy community (Numbers 15:15) Every circumcised Hebrew from twenty years old and upward was a member of the congregation. Strangers resident in the land, if circumcised, were, with certain exceptions (Exodus 12:19; Numbers 9:14; Deuteronomy 23:1-3) admitted to the privileges of citizenship, and spoken of as members of the congregation (Exodus 12:19; Numbers 9:14; 15:15) The congregation were summonded together by the sound of two silver trumpets, and they met at the door of the tabernacle (Numbers 10:3) These assemblies were convened for the purpose of engaging in solemn religious services (Exodus 12:27) (Numbers 25:6; Joel 2:15) or of receiving new commandments (Exodus 19:7,8) The elders, who were summonded by the sound of one trumpet (Numbers 10:4) represented on various occasions the whole congregation (Exodus 3:16) (Exodus 12:21; 17:5; 24:1) After the conquest of Canaan, the people were assembled only on occasions of the highest national importance (Judges 1:20; 2 Chronicles 30:5; 34:29; 1 Samuel 10:17; 2 Samuel 5:1-5; 1 Kings 12:20; 2 Kings 11:19) (2 Kings 21:24; 23:30) In subsequent times the congregation was represented by the Sanhedrim; and the name synagogue, applied in the Septuagint version exclusively to the congregation, came to be used to denote the places of worship established by the Jews.


In (Acts 13:43) where alone it occurs in the New Testament, it is the same word as that rendered "synagogue" (q.v.) in (Acts 13:42) and is so rendered in (Acts 13:43) in R.V.

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