Asshur: Second son of Shem
(Genesis 10:22; 1 Chronicles 1:17) He went from the land of Shinar
and built Nineveh, etc.
(Genesis 10:11,12) He probably gave his name to
Assyria, which is the usual translation of the word, although the
form Asshur is sometimes retained
(Numbers 24:22,24; Ezekiel 27:23) etc. In
(Genesis 2:14) "Assyria" ought to be "Asshur," which was the original
capital of Assyria, a city represented by the mounds of Kalah Sherghat,
on the west bank of the Tigris. This city was founded by Bel-kap-kapu
about B.C. 1700 At a later date the capital was shifted to Ninua, or
Nineveh, now Koyunjik, on the eastern bank of the river.