For you must know, that though the town of Mansoul itself was
not much, if at all concerned with the project, (for, alas
for them! they were wofully besotted, for they chiefly
regarded their pleasure and their lusts,) yet Diabolus their
governor was; for he had his spies continually abroad, who
brought him intelligence of all things, and they told him
what was doing at court against him, and that Emmanuel would
shortly certainly come with a power to invade him. Nor was
there any man at court, nor peer of the kingdom, that
Diabolus so feared as he feared this Prince; for, if you
remember, I showed you before that Diabolus had felt the
weight of his hand already; so that, since it was he that was
to come, this made him the more afraid.
Well, you see how I have told you that the King's Son was
engaged to come from the court to save Mansoul, and that his
Father had made him the Captain of the forces. The time,
therefore, of his setting forth being now expired, he
addressed himself for his march, and taketh with him, for his
power, five noble captains and their forces.
1. The first was that famous captain, the noble Captain
Credence. His were the red colours, and Mr. Promise bare
them; and for a scutcheon he had the holy lamb and golden
shield; and he had ten thousand men at his feet.
2. The second was that famous captain, the Captain Good-Hope.
His were the blue colours; his standard-bearer was Mr.
Expectation, and for his scutcheon he had the three golden
anchors; and he had ten thousand men at his feet.
3. The third was that valiant captain, the Captain Charity.
His standard-bearer was Mr. Pitiful: his were the green
colours, and for his scutcheon he had three naked orphans
embraced in the bosom; and he had ten thousand men at his
4. The fourth was that gallant commander, the Captain
Innocent. His standard-bearer was Mr. Harmless: his were the
white colours, and for his scutcheon he had the three golden
5. The fifth was the truly loyal and well-beloved captain,
the Captain Patience. His standard-bearer was Mr. Suffer-
Long: his were the black colours, and for a scutcheon he had
three arrows through the golden heart.
These were Emmanuel's captains; these their standard-bearers,
their colours, and their scutcheons; and these the men under
their command. So, as was said, the brave Prince took his
march to go to the town of Mansoul. Captain Credence led the
van, and Captain Patience brought up the rear; so the other
three, with their men, made up the main body, the Prince
himself riding in his chariot at the head of them.
But when they set out for their march, oh, how the trumpets
sounded, their armour glittered, and how the colours waved in
the wind! The Prince's armour was all of gold, and it shone
like the sun in the firmament; the captains' armour was of
proof, and was in appearance like the glittering stars.
There were also some from the court that rode reformades for
the love that they had to the King Shaddai, and for the happy
deliverance of the town of Mansoul.
Emmanuel also, when he had thus set forwards to go to recover
the town of Mansoul, took with him, at the commandment of his
Father, fifty-four battering-rams, and twelve slings to whirl
stones withal. Every one of these was made of pure gold, and
these they carried with them, in the heart and body of their
army, all along as they went to Mansoul.
So they marched till they came within less than a league of
the town; there they lay till the first four captains came
thither to acquaint them with matters. Then they took their
journey to go to the town of Mansoul, and unto Mansoul they
came; but when the old soldiers that were in the camp saw
that they had new forces to join with, they again gave such a
shout before the walls of the town of Mansoul, that it put
Diabolus into another fright. So they sat down before the
town, not now as the other four captains did, to wit, against
the gates of Mansoul only; but they environed it round on
every side, and beset it behind and before; so that now, let
Mansoul look which way it will, it saw force and power lie in
siege against it. Besides, there were mounts cast up against
it. The Mount Gracious was on the one side, and Mount
Justice was on the other. Further, there were several small
banks and advance-grounds, as Plain-Truth Hill and No-Sin
Banks, where many of the slings were placed against the town.
Upon Mount Gracious were planted four, and upon Mount Justice
were placed as many, and the rest were conveniently placed in
several parts round about the town. Five of the best
battering-rams, that is, of the biggest of them, were placed
upon Mount Hearken, a mount cast up hard by Ear-gate, with
intent to break that open.
Now when the men of the town saw the multitude of the
soldiers that were come up against the place, and the rams
and slings, and the mounts on which they were planted,
together with the glittering of the armour and the waving of
their colours, they were forced to shift, and shift, and
again to shift their thoughts; but they hardly changed for
thoughts more stout, but rather for thoughts more faint; for
though before they thought themselves sufficiently guarded,
yet now they began to think that no man knew what would be
their hap or lot.
When the good Prince Emmanuel had thus beleaguered Mansoul,
in the first place he hangs out the white flag, which he
caused to be set up among the golden slings that were planted
upon Mount Gracious. And this he did for two reasons: 1. To
give notice to Mansoul that he could and would yet be
gracious if they turned to him. 2. And that he might leave
them the more without excuse, should he destroy them, they
continuing in their rebellion.
So the white flag, with the three golden doves in it, was
hung out for two days together, to give them time and space
to consider; but they, as was hinted before, as if they were
unconcerned, made no reply to the favourable signal of the
Then he commanded, and they set the red flag upon that mount
called Mount Justice. It was the red flag of Captain
Judgment, whose scutcheon was the burning fiery furnace; and
this also stood waving before them in the wind for several
days together. But look how they carried it under the white
flag, when that was hung out, so did they also when the red
one was; and yet he took no advantage of them.
Then he commanded again that his servants should hang out the
black flag of defiance against them, whose scutcheon was the
three burning thunderbolts; but as unconcerned was Mansoul at
this as at those that went before. But when the Prince saw
that neither mercy nor judgment, nor execution of judgment,
would or could come near the heart of Mansoul, he was touched
with much compunction, and said, 'Surely this strange
carriage of the town of Mansoul doth rather arise from
ignorance of the manner and feats of war, than from a secret
defiance of us, and abhorrence of their own lives; or if they
know the manner of the war of their own, yet not the rites
and ceremonies of the wars in which we are concerned, when I
make wars upon mine enemy Diabolus.'
Therefore he sent to the town of Mansoul, to let them know
what he meant by those signs and ceremonies of the flag; and
also to know of them which of the things they would choose,
whether grace and mercy, or judgment and the execution of
judgment. All this while they kept their gates shut with
locks, bolts, and bars, as fast as they could. Their guards
also were doubled, and their watch made as strong as they
could. Diabolus also did pluck up what heart he could, to
encourage the town to make resistance.
The townsmen also made answer to the Prince's messenger, in
substance according to that which follows:-
'Great Sir, - As to what, by your messenger, you have
signified to us, whether we will accept of your mercy, or
fall by your justice, we are bound by the law and custom of
this place, and can give you no positive answer; for it is
against the law, government, and the prerogative royal of our
king, to make either peace or war without him. But this we
will do, - we will petition that our prince will come down to
the wall, and there give you such treatment as he shall think
fit and profitable for us.'
When the good Prince Emmanuel heard this answer, and saw the
slavery and bondage of the people, and how much content they
were to abide in the chains of the tyrant Diabolus, it
grieved him at the heart; and, indeed, when at any time he
perceived that any were contented under the slavery of the
giant, he would be affected with it.
But to return again to our purpose. After the town had
carried this news to Diabolus, and had told him, moreover,
that the Prince, that lay in the leaguer without the wall,
waited upon them for an answer, he refused, and huffed as
well as he could; but in heart he was afraid.
Then said he, 'I will go down to the gates myself, and give
him such an answer as I think fit.' So he went down to
Mouth-gate, and there addressed himself to speak to Emmanuel,
(but in such language as the town understood not,) the
contents whereof were as follows:-
'O thou great Emmanuel, Lord of all the world, I know thee,
that thou art the Son of the great Shaddai! Wherefore art
thou come to torment me, and to cast me out of my possession?
This town of Mansoul, as thou very well knowest, is mine, and
that by a twofold right. 1. It is mine by right of conquest;
I won it in the open field; and shall the prey be taken from
the mighty, or the lawful captive be delivered? 2. This town
of Mansoul is mine also by their subjection. They have
opened the gates of their town unto me; they have sworn
fidelity to me, and have openly chosen me to be their king;
they have also given their castle into my hands; yea, they
have put the whole strength of Mansoul under me.
'Moreover, this town of Mansoul hath disavowed thee, yea,
they have cast thy law, thy name, thy image, and all that is
thine, behind their back, and have accepted and set up in
their room my law, my name, my image, and all that ever is
mine. Ask else thy captains, and they will tell thee that
Mansoul hath, in answer to all their summonses, shown love
and loyalty to me, but always disdain, despite, contempt, and
scorn to thee and thine. Now, thou art the Just One and the
Holy, and shouldest do no iniquity. Depart, then, I pray
thee, therefore, from me, and leave me to my just inheritance
This oration was made in the language of Diabolus himself;
for although he can, to every man, speak in their own
language, (else he could not tempt them all as he does,) yet
he has a language proper to himself, and it is the language
of the infernal cave, or black pit.
Wherefore the town of Mansoul (poor hearts!) understood him
not; nor did they see how he crouched and cringed while he
stood before Emmanuel, their Prince.
Yea, they all this while took him to be one of that power and
force that by no means could be resisted. Wherefore, while
he was thus entreating that he might have yet his residence
there, and that Emmanuel would not take it from him by force,
the inhabitants boasted even of his valour, saying, 'Who is
able to make war with him?'
Well, when this pretended king had made an end of what he
would say, Emmanuel, the golden Prince, stood up and spake;
the contents of whose words follow:-
'Thou deceiving one,' said he, 'I have, in my Father's name,
in mine own name, and on the behalf and for the good of this
wretched town of Mansoul, somewhat to say unto thee. Thou
pretendest a right, a lawful right, to the deplorable town of
Mansoul, when it is most apparent to all my Father's court
that the entrance which thou hast obtained in at the gates of
Mansoul was through thy lie and falsehood; thou beliedst my
Father, thou beliedst his law, and so deceivedst the people
of Mansoul. Thou pretendest that the people have accepted
thee for their king, their captain, and right liege lord; but
that also was by the exercise of deceit and guile. Now, if
lying, wiliness, sinful craft, and all manner of horrible
hypocrisy, will go in my Father's court (in which court thou
must be tried) for equity and right, then will I confess unto
thee that thou hast made a lawful conquest. But, alas! what
thief, what tyrant, what devil is there that may not conquer
after this sort? But I can make it appear, O Diabolus, that
thou, in all thy pretences to a conquest of Mansoul, hast
nothing of truth to say. Thinkest thou this to be right,
that that didst put the lie upon my Father, and madest him
(to Mansoul) the greatest deluder in the world? And what
sayest thou to thy perverting knowingly the right purport and
intent of the law? Was it good also that thou madest a prey
of the innocency and simplicity of the now miserable town of
Mansoul? Yea, thou didst overcome Mansoul by promising to
them happiness in their transgressions against my Father's
law, when thou knewest, and couldest not but know, hadst thou
consulted nothing but thine own experience, that that was the
way to undo them. Thou hast also thyself, O thou master of
enmity, of spite defaced my Father's image in Mansoul, and
set up thy own in its place, to the great contempt of my
Father, the heightening of thy sin, and to the intolerable
damage of the perishing town of Mansoul.
'Thou hast, moreover, (as if all these were but little things
with thee,) not only deluded and undone this place, but, by
thy lies and fradulent carriage, hast set them against their
own deliverance. How hast thou stirred them up against my
Father's captains, and made them to fight against those that
were sent of him to deliver them from their bondage! All
these things, and very many more, thou hast done against thy
light, and in contempt of my Father and of his law, yea, and
with design to bring under his displeasure for ever the
miserable town of Mansoul. I am therefore come to avenge the
wrong that thou hast done to my Father, and to deal with thee
for the blasphemies wherewith thou hast made poor Mansoul
blaspheme his name. Yea, upon thy head, thou prince of the
infernal cave, will I requite it.
'As for myself, O Diabolus, I am come against thee by lawful
power, and to take, by strength of hand, this town of Mansoul
out of thy burning fingers; for this town of Mansoul is mine,
O Diabolus, and that by undoubted right, as all shall see
that will diligently search the most ancient and most
authentic records, and I will plead my title to it, to the
confusion of thy face.
'First, for the town of Mansoul, my Father built and did
fashion it with his hand. The palace also that is in the
midst of that town, he built it for his own delight. This
town of Mansoul, therefore, is my Father's, and that by the
best of titles, and he that gainsays the truth of this must
lie against his soul.
'Secondly, O thou master of the lie, this town of Mansoul is
'1. For that I am my Father's heir, his firstborn, and the
only delight of his heart. I am therefore come up against
thee in mine own right, even to recover mine own inheritance
out of thine hand.
'2. But further, as I have a right and title to Mansoul by
being my Father's heir, so I have also by my Father's
donation. His it was, and he gave it me; nor have I at any
time offended my Father, that he should take it from me, and
give it to thee. Nor have I been forced, by playing the
bankrupt, to sell or set to sale to thee my beloved town of
Mansoul. Mansoul is my desire, my delight, and the joy of my
'3. Mansoul is mine by right of purchase. I have bought it,
O Diabolus, I have bought it to myself. Now, since it was my
Father's and mine, as I was his heir, and since also I have
made it mine by virtue of a great purchase, it followeth
that, by all lawful right, the town of Mansoul is mine, and
that thou art an usurper, a tyrant, and traitor, in thy
holding possession thereof. Now, the cause of my purchasing
of it was this: Mansoul had trespassed against my Father; now
my Father had said, that in the day that they broke his law
they should die. Now, it is more possible for heaven and
earth to pass away than for my Father to break his word.
Wherefore when Mansoul had sinned indeed by hearkening to thy
lie, I put in and became a surety to my Father, body for
body, and soul for soul, that I would make amends for
Mansoul's transgressions, and my Father did accept thereof.
So, when the time appointed was come, I gave body for body,
soul for soul, life for life, blood for blood, and so
redeemed my beloved Mansoul.
'4. Nor did I do this by halves: my Father's law and justice,
that were both concerned in the threatening upon
transgression, are both now satisfied, and very well content
that Mansoul should be delivered.
'5. Nor am I come out this day against thee, but by
commandment of my Father; it was he that said unto me, "Go
down and deliver Mansoul."
'Wherefore be it known unto thee, O thou fountain of deceit,
and be it also known to the foolish town of Mansoul, that I
am not come against thee this day without my Father.
'And now,' said the golden-headed Prince, 'I have a word to
the town of Mansoul.' But so soon as mention was made that
he had a word to speak to the besotted town of Mansoul, the
gates were double-guarded, and all men commanded not to give
him audience. So he proceeded and said, 'O unhappy town of
Mansoul, I cannot but be touched with pity and compassion for
thee. Thou hast accepted of Diabolus for thy king, and art
become a nurse and minister of Diabolonians against thy
sovereign Lord. Thy gates thou hast opened to him, but hast
shut them fast against me; thou hast given him an hearing,
but hast stopped thine ears at my cry. He brought to thee
thy destruction, and thou didst receive both him and it: I am
come to thee bringing salvation, but thou regardest me not.
Besides, thou hast, as with sacrilegious hands, taken
thyself, with all that was mine in thee, and hast given all
to my foe, and to the greatest enemy my Father has. You have
bowed and subjected yourselves to him, you have vowed and
sworn yourselves to be his. Poor Mansoul! what shall I do
unto thee? Shall I save thee? - shall I destroy thee? What
shall I do unto thee? Shall I fall upon thee, and grind thee
to powder, or make thee a monument of the richest grace?
What shall I do unto thee? Hearken, therefore, thou town of
Mansoul, hearken to my word, and thou shalt live. I am
merciful, Mansoul, and thou shalt find me so: shut me not out
of thy gates.
'O Mansoul, neither is my commission nor inclination at all
to do thee hurt. Why fliest thou so fast from thy friend,
and stickest so close to thine enemy? Indeed, I would have
thee, because it becomes thee to be sorry for thy sin, but do
not despair of life; this great force is not to hurt thee,
but to deliver thee from thy bondage, and to reduce thee to
'My commission, indeed, is to make a war upon Diabolus thy
king, and upon all Diabolonians with him; for he is the
strong man armed that keeps the house, and I will have him
out: his spoils I must divide, his armour I must take from
him, his hold I must cast him out of, and must make it a
habitation for myself. And this, O Mansoul, shall Diabolus
know when he shall be made to follow me in chains, and when
Mansoul shall rejoice to see it so.
'I could, would I now put forth my might, cause that
forthwith he should leave you and depart; but I have it in my
heart so to deal with him, as that the justice of the war
that I shall make upon him may be seen and acknowledged by
all. He hath taken Mansoul by fraud, and keeps it by
violence and deceit, and I will make him bare and naked in
the eyes of all observers.
'All my words are true. I am mighty to save, and will
deliver my Mansoul out of his hand.'
This speech was intended chiefly for Mansoul, but Mansoul
would not have the hearing of it. They shut up Ear-gate,
they barricaded it up, they kept it locked and bolted, they
set a guard thereat, and commanded that no Mansoulonian
should go out to him, nor that any from the camp should be
admitted into the town. All this they did, so horribly had
Diabolus enchanted them to do, and seek to do for him,
against their rightful Lord and Prince; wherefore no man, nor
voice, nor sound of man that belonged to the glorious host,
was to come into the town.
So when Emmanuel saw that Mansoul was thus involved in sin,
he calls his army together, (since now also his words were
despised,) and gave out a commandment throughout all his host
to be ready against the time appointed. Now, forasmuch as
there was no way lawfully to take the town of Mansoul but to
get in by the gates, and at Ear-gate as the chief, therefore
he commanded his captains and commanders to bring their rams,
their slings and their men, and place them at Eye-gate and
Ear-gate, in order to his taking the town.
When Emmanuel had put all things in a readiness to give
Diabolus battle, he sent again to know of the town of
Mansoul, if in peaceable manner they would yield themselves,
or whether they were yet resolved to put him to try the
utmost extremity? They then, together with Diabolus their
king, called a council of war, and resolved upon certain
propositions that should be offered to Emmanuel, if he will
accept thereof, so they agreed; and then the next was, who
should be sent on this errand. Now, there was in the town of
Mansoul an old man, a Diabolonian, and his name was Mr. Loth-
to-stoop, a stiff man in his way, and a great doer for
Diabolus; him, therefore, they sent, and put into his mouth
what he should say. So he went and came to the camp to
Emmanuel, and when he was come, a time was appointed to give
him audience. So at the time he came, and after a
Diabolonian ceremony or two, he thus began and said, 'Great
sir, that it may be known unto all men how good-natured a
prince my master is, he has sent me to tell your lordship
that he is very willing, rather than go to war, to deliver up
into your hands one half of the town of Mansoul. I am
therefore to know if your Mightiness will accept of this
Then said Emmanuel, 'The whole is mine by gift and purchase,
wherefore I will never lose one half.'
Then said Mr. Loth-to-stoop, 'Sir, my master hath said that
he will be content that you shall be the nominal and titular
Lord of all, if he may possess but a part.'
Then Emmanuel answered, 'The whole is mine really, not in
name and word only; wherefore I will be the sole lord and
possessor of all, or of none at all, of Mansoul.'
Then Mr. Loth-to-stoop said again, 'Sir, behold the
condescension of my master! He says, that he will be
content, if he may but have assigned to him some place in
Mansoul as a place to live privately in, and you shall be
Lord of all the rest.'
Then said the golden Prince, 'All that the Father giveth me
shall come to me; and of all that he giveth me I will lose
nothing - no, not a hoof nor a hair. I will not, therefore,
grant him, no, not the least corner of Mansoul to dwell in; I
will have all to myself.'
Then Loth-to-stoop said again, 'But, sir, suppose that my
Lord should resign the whole town to you, only with this
proviso, that he sometimes, when he comes into this country,
may, for old acquaintance' sake, be entertained as a
wayfaring man for two days, or ten days or a month, or so.
May not this small matter be granted?'
Then said Emmanuel, 'No. He came as a wayfaring man to
David, nor did he stay long with him, and yet it had like to
have cost David his soul. I will not consent that he ever
should have any harbour more there.'
Then said Mr. Loth-to-stoop, 'Sir, you seem to be very hard.
Suppose my master should yield to all that your lordship hath
said, provided that his friends and kindred in Mansoul may
have liberty to trade in the town, and to enjoy their present
dwellings. May not that be granted, sir?'
Then said Emmanuel, 'No; that is contrary to my Father's
will; for all, and all manner of Diabolonians that now are,
or that at any time shall be found in Mansoul, shall not only
lose their lands and liberties, but also their lives.'
Then said Mr. Loth-to-stoop again, 'But, sir, may not my
master and great lord, by letters, by passengers, by
accidental opportunities, and the like, maintain, if he shall
deliver up all unto thee, some kind of old friendship with
Emmanuel answered, 'No, by no means; forasmuch as any such
fellowship, friendship, intimacy, or acquaintance, in what
way, sort, or mode soever maintained, will tend to the
corrupting of Mansoul, the alienating of their affections
from me, and the endangering of their peace with my Father.'