Psalms, Chapter 60
David remembering God's judgments on the land, prays for help, ver. 1 - 5. Triumphs in confidence of receiving it, ver. 6 - 12. To the chief musician upon Shushan - eduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aram - naharaim, and with Aram - zobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt, twelve thousand.

Title of the psalm. Shushan - eduth - This seems to be the name of an instrument, or tune, then well known, but now unknown and forgotten. To teach - For the special instruction of God's people. Aram - naharaim - The Syrians (so called from Aram, the son of Shem, (Ge 10:22),) of the two rivers, or of Mesopotamia, the country between Tygris and Euphrates. Aram - zobah - The Syrians of Zobah, part of Syria so called.

2: Tremble - A poetical expression, signifying great changes among the people.

3: To drink - Thou hast filled us with no less honor, than men intoxicated with strong drink.

4: A banner - Which is a sign and instrument,

  1. Of union. This people who were lately divided, thou hast united under one banner, under my government:
  2. Of battle. Thou hast given us an army, and power to oppose our enemies; which blessing God gave to Israel, for the sake of those few sincere Israelites who were among them.
The truth - Not for any merit of ours, but to shew thy faithfulness in making good thy promises.

5: Beloved - Thy beloved people.

6: Rejoice - Therefore I will turn my prayers into praises, for what God has already done. Divide - Which supposeth possession and dominion. Shechem - A place within Jordan, in mount Ephraim. Succoth - A place without Jordan. He mentions Shechem, and Succoth; for all the land of Canaan, within and without Jordan.

7: Gilead - All the land beyond Jordan, which was possessed by Reuben and Gad, and half of the tribe of Manasseh. Manasseh - The other half of that tribe within Jordan. The strength - A chief part of my strength, either to offend mine enemies, or to defend myself. For this tribe was very numerous, and valiant and rich. Law - giver - The chief seat of my throne and kingdom, and of the inferior throne of judgment, (Ps 122:5).

8: Wash - pot - In which I shall wash my feet. I shall bring them into the lowest degree of servitude. Shoe - I will use them like slaves; a proverbial expression. Triumph - It is an ironical expression, signifying that her triumphs were come to an end.

9: Who - None can do it but God. City - The cities; the singular number for the plural. Having beaten his enemies out of the field, he desires God's assistance to take their strong - holds, and so secure himself from farther attempts. Edom - Which was an high and rocky country,(Ob 1:1-3), fortified by nature, as well as by art, and therefore not to be subdued without a Divine hand.

10: Hadst cut off - But now hast graciously returned to us.

Additional information on is available on the Internet at
Copyright © 2006 All rights reserved.