Title of the psalm. Shushan - eduth - This seems to be the name of an instrument, or tune, then well known, but now unknown and forgotten. To teach - For the special instruction of God's people. Aram - naharaim - The Syrians (so called from Aram, the son of Shem, (Ge 10:22),) of the two rivers, or of Mesopotamia, the country between Tygris and Euphrates. Aram - zobah - The Syrians of Zobah, part of Syria so called.
2: Tremble - A poetical expression, signifying great changes among the people.
3: To drink - Thou hast filled us with no less honor, than men intoxicated with strong drink.
4: A banner - Which is a sign and instrument,
5: Beloved - Thy beloved people.
6: Rejoice - Therefore I will turn my prayers into praises, for what God has already done. Divide - Which supposeth possession and dominion. Shechem - A place within Jordan, in mount Ephraim. Succoth - A place without Jordan. He mentions Shechem, and Succoth; for all the land of Canaan, within and without Jordan.
7: Gilead - All the land beyond Jordan, which was possessed by Reuben and Gad, and half of the tribe of Manasseh. Manasseh - The other half of that tribe within Jordan. The strength - A chief part of my strength, either to offend mine enemies, or to defend myself. For this tribe was very numerous, and valiant and rich. Law - giver - The chief seat of my throne and kingdom, and of the inferior throne of judgment, (Ps 122:5).
8: Wash - pot - In which I shall wash my feet. I shall bring them into the lowest degree of servitude. Shoe - I will use them like slaves; a proverbial expression. Triumph - It is an ironical expression, signifying that her triumphs were come to an end.
9: Who - None can do it but God. City - The cities; the singular number for the plural. Having beaten his enemies out of the field, he desires God's assistance to take their strong - holds, and so secure himself from farther attempts. Edom - Which was an high and rocky country,(Ob 1:1-3), fortified by nature, as well as by art, and therefore not to be subdued without a Divine hand.
10: Hadst cut off - But now hast graciously returned to us.
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