1, 2. Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ. See
for his identification. Had he been an apostle, he would hardly have
omitted to state it. See Salutations of the Epistles of Paul and Peter.
Brother of James. James, "the brother of the Lord,"
the James of Jerusalem. The brethren of Jesus were James and Joses, and
Jude and Simon
Called. Those invited who have accepted are styled the
3, 4. When I gave all diligence. His thought was that when he
proposed to write diligently and carefully some need impelled him to
write at once, more briefly perhaps than he had purposed.
Earnestly contend for the faith which was once, etc. He exhorts
to contend for the faith delivered once for all, the faith without
innovation, the gospel of the apostles in distinction from the
adulterations of false teachers. The doctrine of a progressive
revelation after the apostles is not found in the New Testament.
4. For there are certain men. Men who have crept in without
their character being understood.
Who were before of old ordained to this condemnation. Whose
coming was predicted and whose lives were placed under condemnation.
verse 14 and also verse 17.
To this condemnation. This condemnation which comes on all the
Turning the grace of our God. Of the gospel. Instead of
self-restraint they live lascivious lives. The warrant for this was
found in "the freedom of the children of God." From the very times of
the apostles there have been Antinomians who have held that what was
sin to others might be permitted to the sanctified. They asserted that
the Spirit was not defiled by the sins of the body.
Denying our only Lord Jesus Christ. "Lord God" is not found in
the best manuscript. Their denial of Christ was a denial that he had
come in the flesh. These sectaries held that the flesh was wholly
5-7. I will therefore put you in remembrance. Of how God speaks
judgments on sinners.
that the Lord, etc. Having saved the people out of Egypt, the
people were destroyed for their sins in the wilderness. See
6. And the angels which kept not their first estate. See note on
2 Pet. 2:4.
These angels, then, had fallen. Created holy, they had sinned and
become wicked angels, or evil spirits.
Left their own habitation. Their own proper home. Some see a
He hath reserved. God hath imprisoned them and kept them for
7. Even as Sodom and Gomorrha. See notes on
2 Pet. 2:6,
For their lasciviousness terrible destruction came upon them.
Set forth for an example. Utterly destroyed by fire they are an
example that points to the eternal fire.
8-10. Likewise also these filthy dreamers. These men who are
agitated by impure dreams.
Despise dominion. See notes on
2 Pet. 2:10.
9. Yet Michael the archangel. Michael is brought forward as a
contrast with those who speak evil of dignities. He is called by Daniel
"the Great Prince,"
and here the archangel, or head angel. Yet in addressing the devil, a
fallen angel, he did not rail at him, but only said, "The Lord rebuke
thee." The reference is not to a statement of the Bible, but to a
Jewish tradition which held that the burial place of Moses was placed
under the charge of Michael.
10. But these speak evil of those things which they know not. Of
spiritual and unseen things.
But what they know naturally. By the natural senses. In these
things they corrupt themselves.
11-13. Woe unto them! The denunciation of woes, common in the
Lord's ministry, is only found here in all the rest of the New
Gone in the way of Cain. Living selfish lives, full of hate.
After the error of Balaam. Like Balaam trying to make a gain of
godliness. See notes on
2 Pet. 2:15.
Perished in the gainsaying of Core. Like Balaam they are false
prophets. Like Korah, who profanely thrust himself into the priesthood
and perished, they intrude irreverently into holy places.
12. These are spots in your feasts of charity. See notes on
2 Pet. 2:13.
They engaged in 
revelings at the Agape, the love feasts.
Clouds they are without water. Rainless clouds. See notes on
2 Pet. 2:17.
Trees . . . without fruit. Fruitless, barren.
Twice dead. Doubly dead, hence, no hope of fruit.
13. Raging waves of the sea. Roaring and foaming like the
Wandering stars. Stars not fixed in their places, but shooting
like meteors, and then going out. "Shooting stars" is not far from the
To whom is reserved, etc. As the shooting stars go out in
darkness, so these will pass into eternal darkness.
14, 15. And Enoch also. This prophecy of the holiest man of the
antediluvian world might have been preserved by tradition. It is found
in the Book of Enoch, a work long lost, but recovered in modern times
in Abyssinia, supposed to have been composed the century before Christ.
Wherever Jude met it, he was familiar with the prophecy.
The seventh from Adam. To the Jew there was a sacredness in
Prophesied of these. These blasphemers. The prophecy is
15. To execute judgment upon all. For a general judgment.
To convince. To convict all ungodly men of their ungodly
16-19. These are murmurers. They murmur at God's providence and
complain of his laws.
Having men's persons in admiration. Being respecters of persons
for the sake of self-interest.
17. Remember ye the words . . . spoken before of the
apostles. The language implies that Jude was not an apostle.
18. How that they told you there would be mockers. See
2 Pet. 3:3;
1 Tim. 4:1; 2 Tim. 3:1.
Last time. In the last dispensation.
19. These be they. Already this is being fulfilled.
Who separate. Who separate themselves from God and the communion
Sensual. Living an animal rather than a spiritual life.
20-23. Building up yourselves. Instead of separating from the
Praying in the Holy Spirit. See notes on
21. Keep yourselves in the love of God. By holy lives and
22. On some have mercy, who are in doubt. See the Revision. The
thought is to be very gentle and pitiful to those disturbed by
23. And some save, snatching them out of the fire.
By snatching away from sin by the most vigorous effort. By stern
Some have mercy with fear.
Mercifully point out the danger.
Hating even the garment, etc. All the while abhorring their
24, 25. Now unto him. God.
Who is able. To work out our full salvation.
Before the presence of his glory. In his glorious presence.
25. The only God our Savior. Our Savior "through Jesus Christ."
Be glory. Not only glory forever and ever, but eternal and