SUMMARY.--A Request for Prayer.
A Command to Withdraw from the Disorderly.
An Admonition to the Idle.
The Salutation with his Own Hand.
1-5. Pray for us. How often Paul makes this request in his
1 Thess. 5:25;
Eph. 6:19; Col. 4:3.
That the word of the Lord, etc. He asks no prayers for his own
ease, or worldly prosperity, but that he may be helped in his work of
Have free course. Not be hindered by opposition which might
prevent success. When in bonds
(2 Tim. 2:9)
he rejoiced that the word of the Lord was "not bound."
Be glorified. By its powers to save. See
2. That we may be delivered. That the wicked may not have power
to prevent us from spreading the gospel. He is not moved by a desire
to escape such hardships or dangers as these may cause, but by a desire
that his work may move right on.
All have not faith. In all ages the preaching of the gospel
divides those who hear it into two classes, the believers and
3. The Lord is faithful. Men may be unbelievers, and hostile,
but the Lord is faithful to every promise, and in spite of evil men
keep you from evil. From the power of the evil one.
4. We have confidence in the Lord. That by the Lord's power and
ye both do and will do the things" commanded.5. Patient waiting. "The patience of Christ" (Revision). A
patient endurance for Christ.
6-10. Now we command you. He has
expressed a belief that they will readily obey his commands. He now
Brethren. The command is not directed to priest or presbyter,
but to the whole church. Compare
1 Cor. 5:4, 5.
Withdraw yourselves. Decline to receive as a brother longer.
Exclude from fellowship.
Every brother that walketh disorderly. This command applies to
other disorderly walking also, but has a direct reference here to those
who refused to work.
Not after the tradition. The instructions received from us.
7. Ye know how ye ought to follow us. For Paul's example in the
matter of work at Thessalonica, see
1 Thess. 2:9.
He labors for his own support.
9. Not because we have not power. A right to support at your
hands, but because we wished to 
set you an example of industry.
10. We commanded. Even then he gave a command that if any
refused to work for their food, they should be refused support by
others. He who is able to work, and unwilling, should not be fed.
11-13. We hear. The word was brought, no doubt, by the messenger
who returned to him.
Which walk among you disorderly. By doing nothing. It is a sin
to be an idler. God requires industry.
Busybodies. "The devil finds some mischief, still, for idle hands
12. Now . . . such we command. Such are solemnly
commanded in the name of Christ to go to work, to live quiet lives, and
to support themselves. The idlers were restless and meddlesome.
13. Be not weary in well doing. Do not get weary of the duties
of life, so as to desire an idle life. Discharge all duties faithfully,
whether secular or religious.
14-16. If any man obey not. Whoever does not obey these charges,
let him be noted, withdrawn from. See
He must be made ashamed of his course by seeing that it is repudiated
by the church.
15. Yet count him not as an enemy. The object of discipline is
to save. Compare
1 Cor. 5:5.
Give him kind and brotherly admonition, and let him know the reason for
16. The Lord of peace. Christ, who bestows peace upon all who
walk in him.
17, 18. The salutation of Paul. Here he adds the salutation in
his own hand-writing. The Epistle thus far had been written by one to
whom he dictated, as was his custom, but he now adds his autograph.
This autograph was proof of the genuineness. Their attention is perhaps
called to this on account of a spurious epistle