Lord's Supper: (1 Corinthians 11:20) called also:
1. "the Lord's table"
(1 Corinthians 10:21)
2. "communion," "cup of blessing"
(1 Corinthians 10:16)
3. "breaking of bread"
4.In the early Church it was called also "eucharist," or giving of
(Matthew 26:27) and generally by the Latin Church
"mass," a name derived from the formula of dismission, Ite, missa
est, i.e., "Go, it is discharged."
The account of the institution of this ordinance is given in
(Matthew 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:19,20; 1 Corinthians 11:24-26) It is not mentioned
by John. It was designed,
1. To commemorate the death of Christ: "This do in remembrance of
2. To signify, seal, and apply to believers all the benefits of the
new covenant. In this ordinance Christ ratifies his promises to
his people, and they on their part solemnly consecrate
themselves to him and to his entire service.
3. To be a badge of the Christian profession.
4. To indicate and to promote the communion of believers with
5. To represent the mutual communion of believers with each other.
The elements used to represent Christ's body and blood are bread
and wine. The kind of bread, whether leavened or unleavened, is
not specified. Christ used unleavened bread simply because it
was at that moment on the paschal table. Believers "feed" on
a. not with the mouth in any manner, but
b. by the soul alone, and
c. by faith, which is the mouth or hand of the soul. This they do
d. by the power of the Holy Ghost. This "feeding" on Christ,
however, takes place not in the Lord's Supper alone, but
whenever faith in him is exercised. This is a permanent
ordinance in the Church of Christ, and is to be observed "till
he come" again.