1: Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated to the gospel of God, 2: (Which he had promised before by his prophets in the holy scriptures) 3: Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh. 4: And declared [to be] the Son of God, with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead: 5: By whom we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for his name: 6: Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ: 7: To all that are in Rome, beloved of God, called [to be] saints: Grace to you, and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. 8: First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. 9: For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers, 10: Making request (if by any means now at length I may have a prosperous journey by the will of God) to come to you. 11: For I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established; 12: That is, that I may be comforted together with you, by the mutual faith both of you and me. 13: Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that I have often purposed to come to you (but have been hitherto hindered) that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles. 14: I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the barbarians, both to the wise, and to the unwise. 15: So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also. 16: For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God to salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. 17: For in this is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. 18: For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness, and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness. 19: Because that which may be known of God, is manifest in them; for God hath shown [it] to them. 20: For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: 21: Because that when they knew God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful, but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22: Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools: 23: And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping animals. 24: Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonor their own bodies between themselves: 25: Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshiped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. 26: For this cause God gave them up to vile affections. For even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: 27: And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one towards another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet. 28: And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; 29: Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 30: Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventers of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31: Without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: 32: Who, knowing the judgment of God, that they who commit such things are worthy of death; not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.